Hello! I have an article about the BMPT Terminator. This article is going to be posted soon again on Tanks_Encyclopedia (check them out). What tank would you like me to write about in the future? I hope you enjoy it!
BMPT Terminator being showcased at an exposition
The BMPT Terminator (the name “Terminator” is not an official designation, but used by the designers for publicity reasons) is a support combat vehicle which is meant to be used in urban areas. Just by looking at the vehicle itself, it is obviously based on the T-72 without the iconic hemispherical turret, which is exchanged for an unmanned platform with four anti-tank missiles and dual 30mm auto-cannons. The hull has a superstructure attached to it which allows for more space for the crew. Since tanks aren’t really suited for use in urban areas, this is a great alternative because it possesses a rapid enough rate of fire to react to any enemy vehicles in its surroundings and the four missiles are excellent when fighting against heavily armored targets. However, this vehicle is no substitute as it will not perform as your average tank in non-urban areas. While it is still lethal against other targets that aren’t your ordinary tanks, it will not perform and react as well, due to the extreme ranges that tanks battle in. Another advantage that the BMPT has over regular tanks is the elevation and depression. The gun is able to elevate and depress enough to hit at any targets, like building tops and other tall structures.
Before the Terminator, two earlier prototypes were placed in competition for the BMPT requirements. These were the Object 781 and the Object 782, both made by Chelyabinsk and led by V.L. Vershinsky. The main reason these two vehicles were ordered was the performance of IFVs in the Soviet War in Afghanistan. IFVs such as the BMP-1 and the BMD series proved to struggle against infantry when faced with portable anti-tank weapons, such as the well-known RPG series. Another downfall of the BMP-1 was the lack of elevation (the BMP-2 fixed this problem) which allowed the enemy to have a major advantage when engaging it from above. The Object 781 and the Object 782 were based on the T-72B, with major modifications. The Object 781 was dual turreted, each one having a 30mm 2A72 (basically a simpler 30mm 2A42 that is seen on Soviet/Russian helicopters and IFVs) with a PKT 7.62mm machine gun as a companion. It also mounted an anti-tank missile system of an unknown type (most likely the 9M133 Konkurs). Its competitor was the Object 782; it had an actual turret, as opposed to the two unmanned turrets of the Object 781 with a very similar hull. The profile was smaller and it was armed with a 100mm 2A70 low recoil gun and a 30mm 2A72 auto-cannon which were directly connected to each other (similar system and weapons on the BMP-3). It was also armed with two 40mm grenade launchers (one on the hull and the other on the turret). The Object 781 won and was probably considered for mass-production, but the break-up of the Soviet Union ruined that prospect. About five years later, another prototype was made and built by Chelyabinsk; this prototype was based on the T-72AV. This project was built because of tank performance in Chechnya (which was abysmal). The project kept the turret but removed the big 125mm main gun for a pair of 30mm 2A72 auto-cannons and six unguided rockets on each side. It also adds extra structures for the back of the armament to work properly and shield it from flanking fire. This tank was praised by many of the designers and some military officials. Unfortunately, work on the project was canceled because it was being advertised on radio and on television. Everyone who was working on the project was accused of “giving away Russia’s secrets” (keep in mind that Russia at the time was in chaos during the 90’s). While they weren’t allowed to work on this vehicle, in particular, this did not stop the urge for an armored fighting vehicle with missiles, auto-cannons, and lots of armor. In the early 2000’s, work started on a new project called the Object 199 with the name “Ramka” attached to it. The Object 199 is the tank we come to know as the BMPT Terminator. This was shown to the public in 2001 as a mock-up and the real project was unveiled to the masses in 2002. The early design was armed with a single 30mm 2A42 and four 9M133 “Kornet” ATGMs with two AG-17 grenade launchers and one 7.62mm PKTM as secondary armaments. Further development accompanied the 30mm auto-cannon with another 30mm auto-cannon and replaced the 9M133 “Kornet” ATGMs with 9M120 “Ataka” ATGMs.
Object 781, Object 782, and Object 787 stored at the Kubinka Tank Museum
Original BMPT model with one 30mm autocannon and older ATGMs.
Final BMPT prototype design presumably being tested.
The armament of the BMPT that was unveiled in the early 2000’s and the BMPT that was shown in the late 2000’s kept the armament the same (as I stated above). Instead of the 30mm 2A72 we’ve been seeing on the first 3 prototypes, the BMPT was equipped with the more complex 30mm 2A42 autocannon (effective range of 4000 meters). This auto-cannon is stabilized on two planes and has a rate of fire as low as 200 rounds per second to 800 rounds per second with both having -5° and +45° and 360° of turret rotation. The BMPT’s second primary armament is the 130mm 9M120 “Ataka-T” anti-tank missile (industrial code is B07S1) with claims from the manufacturer that it can penetrate 800mm of homogenous armor with ERA with its HEAT ammunition (good enough for the side or rear of any modern tank). There are four of these anti-tank missiles with two of them being placed on both sides of the 30mm auto-cannons. This anti-tank missile is guided by a semi-automatic laser beam with it having flexible elevation angles (-10°/+25°). The missile has the flight velocity of 550 m/s with a maximum range of 5800 meters; this is controlled by the VIAM.461112.001 ground control equipment inside the BMPT. Since this is not a 9M120F variant (anti-personnel variant), it does not have the ability to carry anti-personnel missiles. One of the BMPT’s secondary armament includes one 7.62 PKTM machine gun that is situated between the two autocannons with an aiming range of 1500 meters, muzzle velocity of 850 m/s, and a theoretical rate of fire of 700-800 rounds per minute. This machine gun has the same elevation and depression as the 30mm auto-cannons since it’s fixed on the oscillating platform with the 30mm auto-cannons. The BMPT’s second secondary armament is two 30mm AG-17D grenade launchers. These grenade launchers are placed at the front of the tank on the far side of each other. They have the ability to fire 400 rounds per minute with a low muzzle velocity of 185 m/s and are able to kill a person at up to 7+ meter radius from 1700 meters away. The grenade launchers on the right has 5° to the left and 27° to the right and the grenade launchers on the left has 27° on the left and 5° on the right with horizontal stabilization. Both of the grenade launchers have -5.5° depression and +20° elevation (no vertical stabilization). The BMPT is truly a killing machine with nine weapons (four different ones) at its disposal.
A closeup of all of the BMPT’s weapons except for the two 30mm grenade launchers
The BMPT is powered by a V-92S2 (2000 rpm, V12, 4-stroke, multi-fuel, liquid cooling, and turbocharger) engine that churns out about 1000 hp. Combine this with the weight (48 tonnes, 53 short tons, and 47 long tons) of the BMPT and you get a specific power of 20-21 hp/t with the range of 550 km and a speed of 60 km/h on hard roads. The gearbox has seven forward gears and one reverse gear. The BMPT’s suspension is a torsion bar suspension (like most tanks designed from the 50’s and onwards) with shock absorbers, six rubber-lined road wheels, one front idler wheel, one rear drive sprocket, and three return rollers on each side. Ground clearance is 406mm and it’s able to ford water as deep as 1.8 meters with preparations and 1.2 meters without preparations. It is also able to climb over obstacles measured at 0.85 meters at 30 degrees and able to cross trenches 2.6-2.8 meters wide.
Since the armor is based on the T-72, it will most likely have the same armor as the T-90 or a modern T-72. It has Relikt ERA which is said to be stronger than Kontakt-5. It is also covered with soft material armor, cage/slat armor at the rear, and hard panels made of different materials. The crew is protected by NBC from nuclear, biological, or chemical weapons as the acronym suggests. It also has an automatic fire extinguisher system and System 903A smoke grenade launchers to conceal itself when spotted by the enemy or against guided weapons using infrared.
While the BMPT is not in Russian service since it is based on old Soviet tank designs, it is being used and bought by Kazakhstan and Algeria. Kazakhstan even went further by signing an agreement with UralVagonZod in September of 2013 to co-produce the BMPT. The way they’re going about this is that Kazakhstan is providing decommissioned T-72s while Russia, specifically UralVagonZod, will provide modules and spare parts from which Kazakhstan will assemble these tanks in their nation. This is a great way for UralVagonZod to make a profit and for Kazakhstan to revive their old Soviet-era T-72s to current standards. Peru also expressed interest to UralVagonZod during Peru’s SITDEF (Salón Internacional De Tecnología Para La Defensa Y Prevención De Desastres Naturales) expo in 2015 to upgrade their aging T-55s with BMPT turrets and other possible modifications to the hull. However, these T-55s may be replaced or at most accompanied with Russian T-90s, Spanish Leopard 2A4s, or Dutch Leopard 2A6s. In addition, various Israeli companies and the Peruvian Desarrollos Industriales Casanave with the association of the Ukrainian Kharkiv Morozov Machine Building Design Bureau have also offered upgrades for the Peruvian T-55s.
Kazakhstani BMPTs being used during a parade.
Algerian BMPT that is being trialled in Algeria.
BMPT-72 Terminator 2
This support combat vehicle was first revealed at the Russian Arms Expo (RAE) at Nizhny Tagil, Russia in 2013. The Terminator 2 is being sold more as an armor upgrade package than an actual tank with two engines that are available. The two engines are the V-84MS (840 hp, 2000 rpm, V12, 4-stroke, multi-fuel, liquid cooling, and gear driven centrifugal type supercharger) and the V-92S2 (1000 hp, 2000 rpm, V12, 4-stroke, multi-fuel, liquid cooling, and turbocharger). These upgrades removed the two frontal 30mm grenade launchers; this reduced the crew from five to three. These changes lightened the load from 48 tonnes to 44 tonnes. The armament of the BMPT-72 Terminator 2 is the same (except for the removal of the two 30mm grenade launchers), however, the weapons are better protected and the structural support of the four ATGMs is enhanced and positioned horizontally instead of vertically. The FCS has also gotten an upgrade with a new multi-channel gunner’s sight that is equipped with a thermal channel, night vision, laser range finder, laser guidance system for missiles, and independent 2-plane stabilization of field of view with a sighting range of 5000 meters. The BMPT-72 received a new digital ballistic computer with weather and topographical support and the armament is stabilized on two axes with electromechanical traversing and elevating drives. Lastly, NBC protection is provided for the crew.
BMPT-72 Terminator 2 showcased at an expo
Top: V-84MS engine
Bottom: V-92S2 engine
Service (BMPT-72 Terminator 2)
While the Terminator 2 isn’t in service as far as we know, Azerbaijan held an arms expo named ADEX (Azerbaijan Defense Exhibition) in 2014 which allows arms dealers to show off their weapons to the armed forces of Azerbaijan. Since Azerbaijan has territorial issues with Armenia about the Nagorno-Karabakh region (Seb: it is rightfully Armenian, like North-W Iran is Azeri), they’re looking for formidable weapons in case things get heated again between the two nations. During the expo, Azerbaijan has stated that they’re interested in the Ka-52 attack/scout helicopter and the BMPT-72 Terminator 2 and numerous other weapons. In 2013, various unspecified Persian Gulf nations were also interested in the Terminator 2 during the Russian Arms Expo (RAE). Russia even themselves denied the second iteration of the BMPT again. Their reasoning for this is that since the T-15 Armata exists, there is no reason to adopt the Terminator 2 with possibly less armor and no infantry carrying capacity like the T-15 has. Lastly, during India’s DEFEXPO in 2014, UralVagonZod proposed two upgrades to India’s obsolete T-72s. UVZ (UralVagonZod) proposed the BMPT-72 package on India’s T-72s which will extend the T-72’s service life. UVZ also proposed an Arena-E APS upgrade on T-72s. This APS will shoot a projectile against portable anti-tank weapons such as RPGs, Kornet, Konkurs, TOW, etc.
Dimensions: 7.2 m or 23 ft (length), 3.37 m or 11 ft (height), and 3.8 m or 12 ft (width)
Total weight, battle ready: 48 tonnes
Crew: 5 (driver, gunner, commander, and two gunners for the grenade launchers)
Engine: V12 multifuel V-92S2 diesel 1,000 hp (736 kW) 20 hp/t turbocharger
Suspension: Torsion bar
Speed (on hard roads): 60 km/h (37 mph)
Range: 550 km (340 mi)
Primary Armament: two 30mm 2A42 autocannons and four 130mm 9M120 “Ataka-T” ATGMs
Secondary Armament: two 30mm AG-17D grenade launchers and a 7.62 PKTM coaxial machine gun
Armor: See notes
Dimensions: 7.2 m or 23 ft (length), 3.33 m or 10.92 ft (height), and 3.6 m or 11.81 ft (width)
Total weight, battle ready: 44 tonnes
Crew: 3 (driver, gunner, and commander)
Engine: V12 multifuel V-92S2 diesel 1,000 hp (736 kW) 22.7 hp/t turbocharger and V12 multifuel V-84MS diesel 840 hp (626 kW) 19 hp/t supercharger
Suspension: Torsion bar
Speed (on hard road): 60 km/h (37 mph)
Range: 500 km (310 mi)
Primary Armament: two 30mm 2A42 autocannons and four 130mm 9M120 “Ataka-T” ATGMs
Secondary Armament: 7.62 PKTM coaxial machine gun
Armor: See notes
Sources (Manufacturer’s Websites)