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WARNING: PICTURE HEAVY!
The 90 mm-turreted armored fighting vehicle is a 6-wheel drive vehicle which uses most of the mechanical components from the VAB. It is equipped with the GIAT TS 90 turret armed with a new high-performance gun firing an anti-tank round with a high muzzle velocity.
Its high strategic and tactical mobility, its great autonomy, its discretion, its great ergonomics make it a particularly suitable vehicle to fulfill long-distance reconnaissance missions. Its powerful gun fires a hollow charge round with a muzzle velocity of 1000 m/s, making it suitable for anti-tank combat in all forms. It also features a N.B.C. protection.
The VBC 90 equips the Armored Group of the Gendarmerie Mobile in Satory.
Manufacturer: RENAULT VEHICULES INDUSTRIELS
Technical information from the manufacturer’s manual listed below:
Production: 32 vehicles
Length: 5.63m; Width: 2.50 m; Height (with open hatches): 2.92 m
Weight in combat-ready condition: 13.75 tonnes
MAIN ARMAMENT (GIAT)
- 90 mm rifled barrel gun with high muzzle velocity
Fires anti-tank and anti-personnel rounds
35 ° oblique breech edge
Hydro-pneumatic elastic link
Electric firing – Manual rescue firing
Aiming: horizontal: manual with electrical assistance, 360° in 20 s / vertical: manual, -8 ° to + 15 ° in 15 s
- Accuracy: H+W: 1.7 thousandths.
Note: COCKERILL 90 mm weapon system can be adapted
- 1 AA 7.62 mm NF 1 coaxial machine gun.
Firing: electrical or manual for the gunner, direct action from the trigger for the tank commander
- 1000 7.62 mm cartridges wrapped in standard boxes of 200 cartridges, inside the turret
4 smoke dischargers on the turret
4 D. R. E. B. stored in the rear slot
- Replacement of the coaxial AA 7.62 mm NF 1 by 7.62 mm MG3 machine gun or 7.62 mm FN MAG machine gun
Replacement of the coaxial AA 7.62 mm NF1 with a 12.7 mm Browning machine gun.
Super elevation for the 7.62 mm coaxial armament, from -8° to + 30°
Assembly on the turret roof of a rotating 7.62 mm or 12.7 mm machine gun
2 additional smoke dischargers (for a total of 6)
FIRE CONTROL SYSTEMS
The fire control systems which can be adapted to the VBC 90 are as follows:
- M 563 riflescope (GIAT) Magnification: 5.9 x Field: 190 thousandths
- M 563 firing scope
SOPTAC 21 (SOPELEM): constituted by adaptation of a CI LAS TCV 107 laser rangefinder, providing the distance from the target. Manual reporting of this distance by the gunner.
SOPTAC 6 (SOPELEM): constituted by adaptation of a CI LAS TCV 107 laser rangefinder providing the distance to the target. The calculator automatically displays the increase in the reticle of the scope.
SOPTAC 13 (SOPELEM): constituted by adaptation of a CI LAS TCV 107 laser rangefinder providing the distance to the objective. The calculator automatically displays the increase in the reticle of the scope and provides the bearing tachymetry (target’s speed of movement) for shooting on mobile target.
DAY AND NIGHT FIRE
TJN2 90 rifle scope (SOPELEM) – Passive mixed rifle scope
day channel: 6 x magnification – 8° view
night channel: 5.5 x magnification – 8 ° view, range from 2000 m to 800 m (level 3 night: 10-3 lux)
- Fire lines for TJN2 90 scope
SOPTAC 22 (SOPELEM): incorporated by adaptation of a CI LAS TCV 107 laser rangefinder providing the distance to the target. Manual reporting of this distance by the shooter.
SOPTAC 10 (SOPELEM): constituted by adaptation of a CI LAS TCV 107 laser rangefinder providing the distance from the target. The calculator displays the distance to the tank commander with automatic report of the increase in the reticle of the scope.
SOPTAC 11 (SOPELEM): constituted by adaptation of a CI LAS TCV 107 laser rangefinder providing the distance from the target. Calculator displays the distance to the tank commander with automatic report of the increase in the reticle of the scope, and provides the tachymeter bearing (target’s speed of movement) for shooting on mobile target.
- CANASTA day and night fire control (THOMSON) constituted by adaptation of a passive TMV 562 night TV camera, a control box and one or two TMV 563 TV monitors. This system makes it possible to detect the target between 1000 and 2000 m, depending on the level of illumination at night, identify the objective, display the necessary shooting corrections by means of a mobile electronic reticle according to the shooting distance and the ammunition used, then point and fire with the shooting corrections.
- Day and night fire control M 586 (GIAT) uses components of the COTAC anti-tank fire control. Constituted by a CI LAS TCV 107 laser rangefinder and by a computer integrating various data necessary for shooting on idle or mobile target: turret tilt, wind speed, outside temperature, speed and distance from the target.
Self-supporting, made with high resistance armor
- driver’s position at the front left
turret in the middle
powertrain and fuel tank at the rear
access to the driver’s position through an upper hatch
vision provided to the driver by a set of 3 episcopes located on the hatch
Option: mean of night vision medium (I.L).
The chassis also houses:
- 27 90 mm rounds
1000 7.62 mm cartridges
N.B.C. protection system
individual packages and standard onboard equipment
TURRET (G.I.A.T.) Welded elements? High resistance armored steel
Waterproof and features N.B.C. protection
Gun mantlet carrying:
- the 90 mm gun
the 7.62 mm co-axial machine gun
Operated by two crew members:
- tank commander to the left
gunner to the right
- 1 for the tank commander
1 for the gunner
- tank commander: set of 7 episcopes ensuring a panoramic observation capacity
gunner: 5 episcopes ensuring an observation capacity over 235°
Option: 1 L CN2 6257 episcope for the tank commander, allows observation at 80 m during level 3 night (10-31ux), allows assistance to the pilot in night driving
The turret is also equipped with:
- 1 PH9A front projector: 120 W, range 600 m
1 roof spotlight: 80 W, range 400 m
1 gas extraction fan
1 opening to dispose of empty shells
Ammunition (in addition to those in the hull)
- 20 rounds: 12 anti-tank, 8 explosives
spread as follows: 4 in the turret basket, 16 in the rear slot
- total weight: 2.6 tonnes in combat condition
- 2 short and medium range FM radios
Maximum road speed: 92 km/h
Minimum speed: less than 3 km/h
Ramp crossing: 60%
Road range greater than 1000 km
Speed on water: 2 m/s
ENGINE: 235 HP SAE 6-cylinder diesel engine rated at 2200 rpm. Maximum torque: 80 da.Nm SAE at 1600 rpm.
B.V. “TRANSFLUIDE” Saviem Hydrokinetic torque converter 2/1 with possibility of lock-up. 5 synchronized forward gears. 1 reverse gear.
MOVEMENT DESCENT: Power transmission by silent chain.
FINAL DRIVE: Double reduction with spiroconic couple. Differential lock by pneumatic controls. Interconnection by pneumatic controls.
REDUCER IN WHEELS
SUSPENSION: Independent wheels – Torsion bars. Telescopic shock absorbers. Progressive shock stop.
STEERING: Hydraulic assistance.
BRAKING Disc brake with pneumatic control and hydraulic dual circuit transmission. Parking brake on transmission.
TIRES 1400 x 20 fitted with sagging device.
ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT: 24 V DC – Capacity 190 A/h, Option: N.B.C. protection, self-hauling winch (5-7 tonnes).
Total weight in combat condition: 12.8 tonnes.
The VBC 90 can be made amphibious by adding a lifting skirt.
Type of shell
|Weight (kg)||Shell velocity (m/s)||Combat range (m)||Maximum range (m)||Efficiency/notes|
Penetrates a NATO target at 2,000 m distance
Hollow charge round
Penetrates 320 mm of armor at any range
Training anti-tank round
Same ballistic as the hollow charge round
Effective anti-personnel range: 40 m
Training explosive round
Same ballistics as the explosive round
6° cone filled with 8 mm balls
Weight of phosphorus: 0.8 kg – 50 m wide smoke screen for 20 to 30 seconds
Translated from http://www.chars-francais.net/2015/index.php/engins-blindes/blindes-a-roues?task=view&id=727
Original source: manufacturer’s manual of the vehicle